Traditional Huichol music (Wixarika)

21/02/2024 Por Nierika 0

Traditional Huichol music

Traditional Huichol Music. Huichol music is one more way of reflecting that spirituality, which is also linked to each festival, having its own music, music for the ceremonies, for the sacrifices, for the dance.

With very few instruments, only the violin, the guitar, the tepo (drum, the voice of God for the Huichol) and the sonaja (rattle made from a gourd), apart from the flute and the horn, used sporadically, these are the means by which the Huichol musician communicates or expresses his experiences.

Being an almost pentatonic music, using only a five-tone scale, its listening can seem dizzying, apart from being certainly repetitive.

In Canto y Ceremonial Huichol, the Cruz family offers 9 Huichol songs, some of them recorded under cover of fire.

Contemporary Huichol music

Huichol music is very varied. Among the traditional genres are the xaweri and kanari (rabel and guitarrita) songs, which are always sung with new improvised verses and played with native instruments to accompany the zapateada dance. 

The repertoire of the mariacheros includes corridos and other popular songs, whose lyrics are sometimes in Huichol, but are played with instruments of mestizo tradition (violin, vihuela, contrabass). Currently, the most famous ensemble is the Venado Azul from Nueva Colonia, Jalisco.

The mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental, north of Jalisco, are inhabited by a mystical and beautiful culture in which enigmatic worlds are constantly created whose recurring protagonists are moons, suns, trees, labyrinths, spirals, mountains and cosmic oceans that tirelessly appear expressed in the art, religion and customs of the Huicholes.

One of the best known groups of Wixarika music is "Huichol Musical" They were formed as a group in Fresnillo, Zacatecas but most of the members of the original group are from Nueva Colonia, municipality Mezquitic, state of Jalisco, Mexico.

Another group is "El Venado Azul" The group El Venado Azul was formed by four members of the Huichol community of the northern highlands of Jalisco. After the disintegration of the original group, José López Robles, founder and director of the group decided to relaunch the concept, maintaining the original roots of their region, i.e. the Huichol dialect and the characteristic dress.

Wixárika music, also known as Huichol music, is an integral part of the culture and life of the indigenous Wixárika community in Mexico. This music reflects the traditions, beliefs and experiences of this ethnic group and is a fundamental part of their ceremonies, rituals and festivities.

Wixárika music includes a variety of traditional instruments, such as the drum, reed flute, guitar, vihuela and violin. These instruments are used in different contexts and occasions, from religious ceremonies to community celebrations.

In terms of style, Wixárika music is diverse and can vary according to the occasion. Some songs are ritualistic and are intended to accompany religious ceremonies, such as pilgrimages to the sacred sites of Wirikuta. Other songs are more festive and are used in community celebrations, such as weddings or traditional festivals.

Wixárika music is not only important as a form of cultural expression, but also plays a crucial role in preserving the identity and heritage of the Wixárika community. Through music, knowledge, stories and values are transmitted from generation to generation, helping to keep alive the rich tradition of this indigenous group.